First paragraph is by Rochelle Fisher “For the Love of Dobermans”
I want to start this by stating that the goal of publishing this article about Albinos is to shed light on the facts as they have been researched by the DCPA. I am not publishing this to say that anyone that currently owns an Albino Doberman is a bad person or that their Albino dog is bad. I will continue to post pictures of Albino Dobermans that our fans provide. Our page is about Dobermans and us the lovers of the breed. The Albino is part of our breed culture and history. My guess is that very few folks with the Albino’s breed or purchased them knowing all of the facts about this mutation. For those that do breed for the Albino mutation or have purchased knowing this. My hope would be that the DPCA and AKC can resolve their difference on this subject and provide a clear breed standard guideline. But until then. Let each of us read the DCPA research and make our own choices on this controversial topic. This is a link to an in-depth review with much information about albino’s. If you already have an albino, you will find useful information here to support you and your albino Doberman. If you are thinking about purchasing an albino this will enlighten you to some of the possible pluses and minus of traveling down this path.
To follow is a copulation of information by Kathryn H. one of our “For the Love of Dobermans” fans and the DCPA web site page on this topic, which you can read at this link.
In November 1976, a mutation occurred with the whelping of a cream-colored Doberman.
Her sire, dam, and littermates were normal colored black and tans. She had pale blue eyes, pink nose, eye rims, pads and membranes. Where tan markings would be, were albino.
She was bred to a dominant black male, producing 14 black and tan pups. A male and female were kept and all ran loose. Her son sired her next litter, which contained two albino males. He was also bred to his sister and her litter contained two albino bitches. Later, these albinos were bred together producing all albinos. These dogs have been highly inbred and have multiplied at an enormous rate.
While we can readily identify an albino, we cannot detect the mutant gene, which is carried by a great many of our normal-colored dogs. It has been proven that the albino mutation is not related to our dilution genes (blue and fawn).
There are four colors of the Doberman Pinscher. Black, red, blue and fawn with rust markings. These are the accepted colors.
Tests were done to prove that these Dobermans are in fact albino. They are usually cream to white in color with white markings where the rust would normally be. They have blue eyes instead of the red/pink that you usually see in albino animals but the membranes (nose, around the eyes, etc. are pink).
The albino is a mutated gene that has not yet been identified in our Doberman Pinschers, even after The DPCA employed the services of several noted geneticists, vets, and color experts as well as purchasing two albino bitches for test breedings. They also conducted many scientific studies of hair, skin and eyes by professionals at leading universities.
The Doberman Pinscher Club of America did everything they could to keep these dogs from being allowed registration through AKC in hopes of keeping them from being bred further into the Doberman blood lines. AKC said no and the DPCA changed their standard to disqualify this color so that it could not be shown in AKC shows. AKC agreed to mark the bloodlines that carry this mutated gene with a Z on the registration papers. This was to help the ethical breeders to recognize these lines so they knew not to add them into their breeding program.
In 1982, the AKC approved the DPCA’s amendment to the Doberman standard disqualifying “dogs not of an allowed color.”
This prevented the albino’s from being shown in the conformation ring, but unfortunately does not stop the continued breeding of these mutant Dobermans. The AKC had refused DPCA’s request to cancel any registration of albino Dobermans.
The results after a five-year study conducted by the DPCA and its consultants, concluded these mutants were correctly termed, “albino or tyrosine positive, partial albino or tyrosine negative which suffer from hypo-melanocytic disease.” It is important to note here that partial albinos are still albinos. Albinism is a deleterious mutation which affects the whole body.
This mutated gene has come from intense inbreeding as mentioned earlier in the article. Albinos are very sensitive to sunlight, and are prone to skin cancer and skin lesions due to their lack of skin pigmentation. Many, if not most, have unstable temperaments due to the intense inbreeding.
This mutation is not rare nor is it special which is the most common gimmick breeders used to sell these puppies to unsuspecting buyers.
Ethical breeders adhere to the DPCA code of ethics. Since the albino is a disqualified color, and the lines are easily identified when they are researching pedigrees, you would not find an ethical breeder with albino lines. On top of that, the early albinos were so inbred that unstable temperaments were a serious issue. Even though the first were bred over 20 years ago, what is in a bloodline will always crop back up in the line sooner or later. This is why now you might have a more stable temperament. But the goal with all breeding programs is to maintain the highest breed standards not dilute them.
The bottom line is as a consumer watch for the Z designation in any breeding history review.
Do not be sold on an albino Doberman as something of higher value.
Remember to work with professional breeders. Begin every Doberman puppy purchase with visits to DCPA register breeders. Carefully review all DCPA buying guidelines and you are going to get the high quality, well-bred Doberman you are seeking.
Here is a new Test that is available to breeders to Avoid the Albino markers_ NEW DISCOVERY_
A MUTATION IN SLC45A2 CAUSES OCULOCUTANEOUS ALBINISM IN WHITE DOBERMAN PINSCHER DOGS
Paige A. Winkler1,2, Patrick J. Venta1,2,3, Simon M. Petersen- Jones1,2, Joshua T. Bartoe1 1. Department of SACS, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University. 2. Genetics Program, Michigan State University. 3. Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University.
In the mid 1970′s, a spontaneous MUTATION in a litter sired by RASPUTIN VI and the dam DYNAMO HUMM occurred – this was a white APPEARING female that was eventually registered by the AKC as a “white”, named PADULA’S QUEEN SHEBA. Sheba was the first such Doberman ever registered by the AKC. Testing on Sheba’s hair and test breedings with Sheba’s offspring have proven that she is “A TYROSINE POSITIVE ALBINO” and NOT WHITE at all. She was erroneously registered by the AKC as such which does not register albinos.
Sheba was subsequently bred back to one of her sons, producing 2 white bitches. Various other breedi8gs were done between Sheba and her offspring to produce more whites.
For a very interesting timeline on the appearance and study of the “white” check out this page written by Judy Donier who owned two of the whites and was a part of the breeding and genetics study done by the DPCA